Impact of climate change on agriculture: problems and their solutions

Impact of climate change on agriculture: problems and their solutions

It is not news nowadays that the climate on earth is changing. And this change is not a long-term prospect, this is a process happening here and now. Consequences of it one can observe in this day and age. Climate change has a global impact on the human environment, nature, wildlife. And surely it also takes its strongest toll on economics. Agricultural sector turns to be the most vulnerable one to climate change. Many agricultural plants, on manufacture and market sale of which economics of some countries and large sectors of world trade are based, are extremely susceptible to weather changes; unexpected climate changes, not to mention here a process of global warming, can affect production of these plants in the most disastrous way. In its turn this process can directly influence the majority of population of export countries, where cultivation of these plants is basically the only source of income, and in some cases the main element of the food supply.

The role of agrosystems in air pollution: satellite technologies suggest a solution

The role of agrosystems in air pollution: satellite technologies suggest a solution

Recently the issue of environmental pollution and of its consequence such as global warming has been highly discussed at different levels from mass media to heads of governments. United Nations conference on climate change which took place in Dec, 2015 in Paris, France obliged countries that use hydrocarbon fuels to decrease emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, and this fact correlates with world economics looking toward implementation of use of renewable fuels. However this process is unacceptable and almost impossible for many countries at the moment. It goes without saying for such countries as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and India, and even in the USA this decision of the Paris climate summit found its opponents. The denial of vital questions of climate change and global warming is similar to practice of "burying the heads in the sand." These issues do exist and take their toll on world economy not in the best way.

Air pollution: ways to forecast and calculate it

Air pollution: ways to forecast and calculate it

In recent years, the fight against air pollution has become global. Humanity, at least when we are speaking about developed countries, starts to realize finally that the Earth is our common home which can get not suitable for living in the near future. Atmospheric pollution takes place when substances harmful for living creatures diffuse throughout the surrounding air, and then this destructive activity has its toxic impact later since it causes global changes of climate of the Earth.

 Processes of global warming, oxidation of world ocean, melting of the ice caps at the poles, thinning of the ozone layer, dense smog over metropolitan areas – these are only a part of the problems that have arisen as a result of air pollution. Generally speaking, air pollution is a penetration of physical, chemical and/or biological contents into air that are usually not common for air, or a change of natural concentration of these contents in the air.

Smog. The importance of accurate and timely data on air pollution

Smog. The importance of accurate and timely data on air pollution

Word Smog (smoky mist) comes from the fusion of the English words «smoke» - smoke and «fog» - fog. Smog - one of the most common types of pollution that can be seen clearly. It is formed by the reaction of products of incomplete combustion of fossil fuel such as coal with water droplets in the fog. Usually among carbon contaminants are CO2, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide NO2 S02 and other elements, and their reaction with the water drops in the mist form corrosive acids. As a result of inhalation of smog there is a sensation of breathlessness and cramps in the throat, a drop of acid attacks the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract that can cause (or worsen), asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, as well as eye irritation and decreased immunity, or death. This is the smog in December 1952 in London that killed at various data from 4000 to 6000, which led to the emergence of the first laws aimed at preserving the environment.

How satellite vessel monitoring system OWM AIS helps to analyse marine traffic

How satellite vessel monitoring system OWM AIS helps to analyse marine traffic

Company OpenWeatherMap - provider of global satellite and weather data, presents a number of research products for monitoring ship traffic OWM AIS. This is simple and user-friendly developer API and display of current and historical information on interactive maps. OWM AIS provides global coverage, our technology allows you to track the ship, not only along the coast, but also in the open ocean. The data is supplied by commercial satellite SpaceQuest, Ltd.